How to sanctify a thermostat…
by Guglielmo M.
fonte : http://digilander.libero.it/kems/appendiceAlchimia.htm
Mainstream science has deleted his own origins (and all past knowledge) letting us thinking that intelligence, logic and understanding ability were an exclusive right of nowadays scientists.
Herewith, we will prove that electricity was known much earlier than what we believes, and this knowledge was also so deep that it was possible to create circuits and connection system that are currently being studied or even ignored by our culture.
We will study some images taken from the alchemic “Book of the Holy Trinity” (originally known as Buch der heiligen Dreifaltigkeit), but similar pictures can be found in all the old world cultures.
The “Book of the Holy Trinity” Author’s through some pictures present in his works, is showing us how he knows very deeply electricity.
Here below a link with all the images concerning of an edition of “Book of the Holy Trinity”:
As a further evidence that the knowledge about electricity comes from far past, we add here below some Sumeric pictures that show birds (dragon) flower (lamps) wings etc It is easy to see graphic and logic similarity that will be longer described here following.
and again some similar symbol taken from a very remote Equadorian culture, taken from Crespi collection:
let’s begin the analisys of the “book of the Holy Trinity” pictures, starting from this picture:
On the sides you can see two trees with flowers; these flowers are obviously the bulbs. What is giving us the assurance that the flowers are bulbs? It simply by the way the flowers are colored in order to describe their purpose, in fact the left side flowers generate light as the sun, while the bulbs at the right side are lighting up the night as the moon.
Author gives us the information that the lighting system consists in two separate groups, and that bulbs of each group are connected together in parallel. This is obvious because each lamp has its own line connected with the main trunk. A further confirmation comes from the fact that last bulb, the upper one, is powered directly from the trunk. It is important to know that it’s a “parallel” system because this clarifies the lack of a metallic conductor that is replaced from ground.
If the picture was about a “series connection”, circuit could have been connected at any point of the trunk, so it couldn’t specify with certainty the usage of the ground as conductor.
If you use ground as conductor, as we will clarify later, it is important for create a resistive partition that enables a better flexibility on the circuit.
Here following the lamps parallel connecting diagram:
And the equivalent blueprint:
Reading the blueprint:
The two blocks in the upper part (red and blue) symbolized two elements of a battery like for example copper and coal.
The light blue square symbolized a bathtub containing a liquid solution (voltmeter) or a river or a sea water etc
The two lamps groups series are shown with L1 and L2
The dragon is symbolized using the four resistors (R1 R2 R3 R4) and from two connection to the ground. There are two connections to the ground because the dragon has two legs.
Dragon beaks are the two switches S1 and S2.
Resistors (R1 R2 R3 R4) are built in way to produce heat during the system operation.
In the diagram the brown bar represents the “Ground”, for this reason one can ideally assume that: various cables entering directly intoground or they are connected by metal poles or connected using a submerged metal mass so that the ground offers the least possible resistance.
HOW IT WORKS
If S1 and S2 are open, the bulbs L1 and L2 will result connected in series and the light of the two bulbs will be On (will light up).
If S1 is closed and S2 open, will light up only L2.
If S1 is open and S2 is closed, will light up only L1.
If S1 and S2 are both closed then bulbs L1 and L2 will be Off, but the circuit will produce heat inside the dragon trough R1 and R4, evidently R1 has less resistance comparing to the sum of L1 and R2+R3. The same resistance computation is valid also for L2 group. As the dragon feet, that are in contact with ground, are mobile, it is possible to modify their distance so to obtain a resistance value suitable to improve the performances.
The two resistances (R2+R3) are used to create the parallel with ground resistance.
If we imagine that R2 and R3 are placed inside (in the belly) the dragon it is easy to understand that the alchemist would like to inform us that he didn’t knew only the use electricity for lighting but also for other purposes such as the generation of heat used to cook or melt metals.
From this consideration it is clear that if dragon will have had only one leg, circuit will have been less flexible and It will have not worked correctly.
Summarizing, in the upper part (inside the dragon) the resistances were producing heat for heating etc., while the two legs connected to the ground, beside being an ideal rheostat, it give us the idea that the feet of the dragon where used for electro-deposition techniques or metal’s melting that were happening directly on the dragon’s feet or on metals, connected to the same feet.
Please note also that the whole circuit (that looks complicate) it is designed so to stay always connected, in other word it has always a working side, for example inside the lamps there is always electrical circulation regardless the fact that they looks turn on. We will explain our hypotesis about the reason for this connection method here following.
Here following a picture from an other alchemic book where it’s clear the heat production.
in the following picture, from an other alchemical work it is in shown a likely electrodeposition
The hypothesis expressed above can also be found in a Japanese picture (here below) from Taoist alchemy where the houses (buildings) are representing several possible processes. It is interesting to see the usage of a switch that we have highlighted with the “C” letter, that is probably driven by a thermostat very similar to the one that will be described later.
More information on this can be found here:
In the manuscript of our alchemist there is another image that confirms our electrical circuit, hits connection and what we have stated before as it shows the real spatial disposition of different objects.
King’s feet are representing the feeding terminals that in our scheme has been simplified with a pile, but in reality, as we will explain later it is about an impulsive tension generated from a transformer.
The greateness of “book of the Holy Trinity”’ author’s and of many other past scholars is amazing us as they evidently knew information not yet understood in our time. They were aware about technological solutions and knowledge of concepts that are fundamental for science.
In this alchemistic scheme there are two bulbs groups; from a first glance we can think that two group of lamps are too much as one only group will have been enough to explain the principle.
But the point is that the alchemist is intended a battery in a different way than our usual knowledge, in fact he intend a special type with three polarities one, this consideration is evident also in the picture of the Japanese alchemist showed here above.
In fact the three pole pile has different proprieties and the main one is a self-recharging, in other words this pile is able to charge itself, while generating the operating current; the Three polarities system is valid and usable not only for batteries but also for accumulators and electrochemical capacitors.
There are different possible configurations of a three polarities pile and we chose the one that are drawn in our scheme “equivalent” and this because recently, thanks to an accidental discovery, the configuration has been verified and tested in practice by several researchers.
The inventor of this circuit configuration has named the effect: “Captret”
In the alchemist project the third pole is not visible as its existence must be inferred by deduction; the deduction is conceivable from two things:
- the fact that it was not necessary to use two groups of lamps to describe what he wanted to explain:
- the name of the book that contain the (not casual) word “trinity” that means “made from three items that are working together”.
With a tri-pole system configuration, when the two groups of lamps are working alternately, the section of the stack that at the moment is not activated, it is recharging automatically
In this document we will not analyzing the Captret effect but it is possible to find a lot of material inside the web; you can start by watching this movie:
Captret test Movie
And in the forum of the below link you can find scheme, test and applications
In summary, Captred is an ordinary electrolytic capacitor equipped with a metal container, the container is used as a terminal and thus we get three terminals, the first two are the usual “positive” and “negative” and the third is the zero (container) .
to be able to use the capacitor with the effect Captret it is necessary prior to polarize it by applying for a certain time a voltage between a terminal and the container, or it is also possible to polarize both terminals one after the other .
Here below a typical scheme Captret
Here below a link on how to do it, building and usage.
Here below Captret in work
Capacitor recharge with Captret Movie
Attention do not do electrochemical experiment if you do not own the needed experience, we remind that capacitor and accumulators or batteries can easily explode.
Captret example have been proposed only to give an idea of tripolar system potential, but our alchemist was referring to something else which is not yet known to our technology.
Therefore through the alchemist we discovered the existence of an innovative electrochemical process and the usage of a ground system to simplify and stabilized the circuit and to normalized potentials.
To continue however, we must justify the winged king who reigns in the figure.
We observe, that in the middle at the top of the wings has been drawn a star.
The star, famously, is a flickering and bright light that we can imagine to be the equivalent of an electric spark.
Being the spark usually caused by contact between two conductors , it can be deduced that the wings of the King must be mobile, and for some mechanism they join and separate continuously.
Observing King we see that he consist of two parts intimately united (one male and one female) and that each part has different colors and such to be interpreted as metals.
The color that now appear black is a silver compound that was in the origin with a color shiny and bright .
The combination of two different and suitable metal strongly connected in many points create a bimetallic couple that can be used to make a thermal oscillator .
if our hypothesis is correct the winged King is in reality a measuring system that shall indicates the battery charge level, therefore it will be possible to evaluate the charge by measuring the intermittent cycle frequency or from the kind of sound emitted (higher or lower).
This measuring way is important because if you consider only the voltage value on the batteries or on the electrical accumulators is not enough to evaluate the real charge status.
The alchimist is giving us two further information that will help us to understand the internal mechanism of this device, and those information will help us to verify our hypotesis.
Hints are the two objects that king is holding on hand : a spiral at left and a cup with snakes at right.
In fact there are two way to built a thermostat to get the best advantage from the dilatation of a bimetallic couple: a linear way and a spiral way
Here following three examples, even if of course in the alchimist project, operating heat is generated from electric power.
spiral Thermostat Movie
linear expansion Movie
bimetallic engine Movie
In ancient time bimetallic couples were well known and used for several purpose such as measuring instrument toys or pastime.
In the images below you can see on the left a simple rotor toy and on the right a power switch.
The rotor toy works with different dilatation of two different flowers, arranged in each stick, while on the right, the power switch is symbolically represented by the head of the central figure, that is also holding in his hands the supply wires.
To see more pictures you can click on the below link, that points to a large gallery of alchemical drawings.
In the slow motion animation you can see how it looks like a bimetallic thermostat (winged king) when it is operated.
From this contact movement you can understand the reason why the king is usually represented with butterfly wings, the switching speed and/or the sound emitted is in fact similar to movement of this insect wing’s.
Graphic symbols and designs shown by alchemist are his way to describe accurately both how this device it was built and how it work, but of course in reality the true appearance of the device could be different.
As we said, it is possible to find many pictures in all ancient cultures that are showing the sames concepts just explained: a star associated with a couple of contacts used to simply interrupt the circuit (for measure) or as disconnecting potency switch.
Here below a celtic picture that is visible in the Italian Cistercian Abbay of Santa Maria di Chiaravalle in Fiastra (Macerata)
Here following a bas-relief from Cnosso (1500 ac). In this picture the contact is made by pushing alternative with one hand and then the other one, with a tilting movement using the head as a fulcrum.
In the “book of Holy trinity” we find a second similar device. This is again an action mechanism (thermostat) but it has a different employing, in fact the other one was a measuring system while this one is a intermittent power switch.
Here the picture that shows this second device:
This thermal switch is positive working in the circuit, in way that the thermal dilatation put in contact the two dragon heads, doing this it is closing the primary circuit of the connected transformer .
The author has drawn the wings so this action is clear and undoubtable.
The green wing push the left dragon head against the right head, the blue wing instead it is separate from the power circuit, because it as the soley purpose of measure, that as we have explained is the cycle of frequency interruption.
The dragon is also insulated electrically from the measuring system (see the skin that has uniform color) and thermostat take his operating supply from two sockets that correspond to the king’s feet.
The power supply instead is taken from the dragon’s feet resting on the ground.
The alchemist is informing us about the employed tension value in the circuit and he is suggesting us to protect some areas isolating them thoroughly.
You shall note that in the picture there are 5 crowns, a crown is on the head of the king, two are very evident, because they are placed on a sword and the other one is on the left hand of the King, while the remaining two are half hidden behind the foot.
Crowns is the symbolical representation of the electric arc that if triggered can be very dangerous both for people and for the facility.
Even nowadays, this effect is symbolized by a “crown” and also to the present days it has the same name “corona discharge”
Herewith an example and a link for more information
We wish to point out that the crowns placed at the feet are drawn in a different color, with this information the alchemist is telling us that he was aware of the fact that the “corona” effect can take two different forms, one negative and one positive.
In this link you will find many images of two types of crowns.
The voltage is certainly greater than 15 Kv and the points that shall be protected with an accurate isolation are therefore five :
1) The head, to protects the bimetal which is the conducting body of the thermostat.
2) Sword represent the power switch the most dangerous point
3) The two feet are the power source of the thermostat
4) Left hand is the vibrating element to get the frequency measurements.
Let’s continue with the description of the electric system, symbolized through the images of our alchemical text, reminding that there is an intermittent switch (thermostat) placed in series in the power feeding of a winding, that carries out the important function of allowing the use of magnetic circuit properties, in other words a continuous current when it is impulsive has the same functionality of an alternating electric current.
Here below a generic functional blueprint, that it is not completelly equivalent with the alchemist one.
In this scheme the thermostat action as a switch that cyclically open and closes, and it has been represented with a red arrow and the initials “TC”.
In the alchemist scheme the thermostat is designed to act in an indirect way, in other words the heating effect is create by an external resistor (that is powered separately through king’s feet) that heats and creates consequently a mechanical action of opening and closing.
This circuit configuration is necessary to separate main power circuit , so that the cycle frequency will result as much as possible constant, and will depend only marginally from the load.
In the above diagram the heating element (RC) and the power supply circuit are shown in red.
The thermostat works in very simply way but it is not intuitive.
1) At the beginning TC is open and in the resistance RC there is circulation of a DC current coming from the battery.
2) Resistance RC heat bimetal and when it reach its temperature, it shut down the power supply.
3) When the power switch is closed, DC current circulate throughout circuit, but since the resistance of RC is greater than the one of the winding, temperature of RC decreases and bimetal consequently open contact, and evidently the cycle repeats.
The information to build the mechanism it is described in the image from a sword which is insert in a red crown and from king’s feet that are connected in an intermediate socket of the trasformer (dragon) .
Sword represents the switch power while red crown is the heathing resistance that is driving the cycle.
Dragon is also suggesting how to build the winding of the transformer.
We have to start in observing the dual mirrored symmetry of four heads of dragon.
This picture indicate that transformer has two different winding; each winding has been wound with a two wire system (ears) and with opposite winding direction, finally from the picture we can see a four sockets (mouths) from which it is possible to take “high voltage”.
Dragon’s legs are the input DC current (+-) coming from a battery or an electrochemical system.
The alchemist is proposing us an amazing picture, that shows us not only the knowledge of electromagnetism in classic form, but also the knowledge of self-induction phenomena generated without the use of a ferromagnetic core.
In reality the few images of this work are the graphic representation of all that we know today about electrical technology and there are also other information that we are not yet able to figure out.
The possible configuration of this system are really a lot, we have described only the likely configuration (the dragon is powered from feet in CC) but we shall stop here our speculation as we do not want to go over and write a compendium of electricity-fiction.
However to complete our hypothesis, we wish to remind that Tesla was the first to experiment air coils (Tesla coil) that in the alchemist picture correspond to supply one of the dragon’s winding, and use as output the other that is winding in the opposite direction. More information here :
Here below an other equivalent scheme:
You can find more information about the windings counter-inductive technique read about Leedskalnin:
From an other alchemic test we report the picture of a transformer similar to the one just described, even in this case the two section, primary and secondary are separate and electrically isolated.
With a transformer that has these features it will be possible to experiment high impulse voltage and with which it will do verification on many device such as generators, engine, to recharge batteries etc …
For systems working with multiple masses (like the legs of the dragon in the ground) that can be use as generator we suggest to read Kapanaze.
For the configuration “battery charger” we suggest to read about Tesla Switch
- Mercury is extremely suitable to crate thermostats that can be started by heat.
- It is interesting to see how the symbol for thermostat has evolved in years to became finally Saint, you can search the words “double head Eagle” see a result here : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double-headed_eagle