Water, the unknown substance

Water is one of the most widespread elements in nature, it covers more than 70% of  planet surface and it’s the basic element that allowed  life development  in all its forms,  We, ourselves,  are made up of more than 60% of water and it is essential for our existence.

Nevertheless scientific world seems little interested in deepening its understanding; serious studies are relatively few and refer mainly to its chemical appearance. But water continually shows to flee our full understanding, and there are many mysteries related to its behavior, let us give some examples:

Hot water freezes more quickly than cold water.

Solid water floats on liquid water

Despite its innocuous appearance it is the strongest solvent existing in nature, in fact all the compounds dissolve in water sooner or later.

When water freezes it increases his volume, while in general other elements tend to contract in cold.

the H2O molecule at room temperature and normal pressure is liquid, this is not a normal thing considering that for example the hydrogen sulphide, of very similar chemical formula (H2S), is a gas, despite having double molecular weight compared  water;

But there are many other oddities that escape complete comprehension. Perhaps this is why those who tried to look beneath the surface of this marvelous substance did not have great luck; I would rather say that water is so “hot” that they burned themselves. We remember great scientists like for example the Russian Boris Derjaguine, Jacques Benveniste and the Nobel Prize Luc Montagnier, but the list would be long.

Surely one of the greatest experts in the world of water behavior is Dr. G. Pollack, who has signed many studies and research on the subject.

In his beautiful and courageous book “the fourth phase of water”

Dr. Pollack introduces an innovative concept linked to the so-called “social behavior of water”. This book is the result of years of research on the subject; it is written in a clear and familiar way, in order to be understood by anyone. Most of the book is based on simple observations relating to behavior and the changes that this extravagant element takes, on external conditions changing. Pollack’s observations are replicable and evident, and do not directly concern the chemical characteristics of water but its “dynamism”, or better its capacity of restructuring in particular situations. Most scholars find these concepts indigestible and … dangerous, so they prefer not to consider them and hide dust under doormat.

One of Pollack’s fundamental discoveries is related to the behavior assumed by water in the contact areas with other elements, the zone called “interfacial”.

From observations and subsequent experiments, Dr. Pollack noted how water assumes particular conformations in the interfacial area. After coming into contact with a foreign element, water seems to modify its structure for a certain zone along contact area. In this area water seems assuming a crystalline structure that tends to exclude any foreign element. For this reason Pollack defined this area: exclusion zone (EZ); in fact in this area only well-ordered water molecules can exist.

This area can be easily identified by using colored gel microspheres spread in water; in this case we may note that in the interfacial area the water remains transparent as colored spheres are kept out. Using light and infrared absorption tests, it can be seen that water in interfacial area has different length wave absorptions.

The bizarre thing is that this “Exclusion” interface area is not the same “size” for all materials. Generally for testing EZ, hydrophilic or hydrophobic materials are used, and the material par excellence used in the Pollack tests is  Nafion® which seems to have the exclusion zone among the most extensive.

This behavior of water is really inexplicable, because there is no apparent reason why water has to change its physical structure just by contacting an external element, but above all, in order to do this “restructuring”, water necessarily need to find some form of energy, and it’s not clear where all this energy should come from.

To tell the truth, Pollack tries to give an explanation on which is the source from which water takes energy, in order to be able to modify its structure and even modify its polarity in some cases. Pollack identifies source being  radiant energy, and arrives at this conclusion because with the knowledge  currently available, in fact there should not be other possibilities, in particular Pollack believes that origin is infrared which is ubiquitous and therefore available everywhere even in  deep sea..

However, this explanation  seem contradict some experimental result made on water test  by our group. In fact  we have noticed how some factors can cause voltage variation and polarity inversion, regardless of radiant sources presence. We have made the following observations:

– Two electrodes of equal material but with different shapes immersed in a solution produce a voltage.

– when you increase  the system  pressure you can observed shows an increase in voltage. For example this happen if you use a vertical tube full of water in which the pressure at the bottom  of course it is increased by gravity compare the top .

we noticed that greater is adherence and / or “wettability” of a liquid , or better more hydrophilic it is (Ndr interesting  etymology of this word from the Greek hydros, “water”, and philia, “friendship”) and  higher  will be tension produced, the effect is easily visible when in one solution an electrode has a greater adherence than the other electrode.

From these experiments it seems that water is able to extract energy from some unknown source. As far as the influence of radiant energies, such as heat and infrared, from  experiments we note that their contribution to the system has a multiplicative effect with respect to the energies involved, this is precisely what can be misleading for  researchers.

Alas, having to accept as an accomplished fact that water is able to find energy from some external and incomprehensible source that allows it to change and restructure itself, it would at least interesting try to understand what the purpose for those structures modifications and change of polarity, and why water reacts differently depending on of the type of material with which it comes into contact, almost as if it was able to recognized its essence.

We know that water is generally sensitive  to the environment in which it is found, for example from  Masaru Emoto  studies it has been seen how  water seems to incorporate  emotional state of people who are close to it; but water also reacts differently to different types of music with a “mirror” behavior. It could be said that it has a “simpatic” behavior in attempt to “resemble” the environment in which it is.

For this reason I think that in the interfacial area water tries to restructure itself in the most similar way to the contacted element. For example it will try to arrange its internal structure in a more similar way to crystalline structure of the metal with which it is in contact, showing his polymorphic attitude. Just as different materials have different crystalline structures, water in its function of secularity or “aliking attitude” also takes on different crystalline structures and this is why EZ varies from material to material.

Domenico Cirillo, a researcher who worked for years in contact with the great Emilio del Giudice, said discussing these water exotic behaviors: “according to the last models (from Del Giudice to Pollack) water seems to give its electrons and protons certain mobility, a certain freedom of action and interaction. So water can be seen as a set of dipoles (the molecules) immersed in a medium that enjoy a certain degree of freedom. It looks like a plasma description  … “

I personally believe that the reason why we don’t perceive water as a plasma is related to its intrinsic speed of movement. Plasma is like an area of very strong storm with a high kinetic component. The movements are so erratic and fast that we cannot understand them, it is as if conventional plasma was a film in which frames pass very fast, while water is the same film but with a slow frame rate.

Pollack speaks in his book of a fourth phase of water, and plasma is indeed the fourth state of matter.

The water could actually be”slow plasma”, as for example the glass appears to us as a solid but in reality it is a “slow-moving liquid”.

It would therefore be interesting to compare Professor Pollack’s water studies with studies on plasma and charge aggregates proposed by physicist Kenneth Shoulder.

I believe that to face these topics studies it is necessary to have an open mind attitude, and a great spirit of observation and multi-disciplinary skills, exactly as the great Pollack does, otherwise there can be no real scientific progress.


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